August 29, 2014
For the past few summers the Book Arts Summer In Salem (BASIS) has been evolving as the involvement of the main organizers ebb and flow. This summer Al Hutchinson aka Hutch, (no relation, except professionally to Ed Hutchins) joined the mix and developed a community sourced facet to this summer’s exhibit. This focus on the community continues into the fall, in a most unexpected and exciting way, but more about that later.
The theme of the summer was Paper Structures. Lynn Oddo, Donna Maria de Creeft, Cathy Daughton, and I taught a wide range of skills. The work that came out of our workshops became part of an ever-expanding show! I loved the fluidity, expansiveness and playfulness that this brought into the gallery. Lynn Oddo was the first up. She taught animation with stop-action photography, then put together and made available a video of the mini-movies that people created. Donna Maria de Creeft taught Origami Accordion Structures, which resulted in the books pictured above, as well as….
…this long trailing origami stream that was displayed in the window. The story I was told about this was that after the class was over, a young participant in the workshop showed his friend how to make the base of this structure. Then the two of them repeated this folding technique, having a grand time using up the all the paper left-over from the workshop. Ruth Sauer, the owner of the gallery, was so delighted by the results of their industriousness that she found a front and center place for their creation.
Cathy Daughton introduced us to the secrets of quilling. I have long wondered why, when I try to curl paper, nothing interesting happens. I, therefore, quite eagerly signed up for the quilling class. Another one of life’s mysteries revealed! There are tools and techniques that I had no clue about.
Ruth managed to convince us to leave our blossoming efforts for display. But harvesting from workshops wasn’t the only manner in which pieces showed up here.
I think I am remembering this correctly – while Hutch was hanging these prints before the opening of the show, there came a clamoring that he create something similar for the window of the gallery, which he did, which you can see in the photo at the top of the post.
Another impromptu entry happened when we were doing the animation class. I said something about Jumping Jacks, which was an unknown structure to someone in the room. So, at lunchtime I went home and brought back these two colorful guys, which Hutch then re-appropriated for the wall space next to his trees.
While there were certain pieces that were on display when the summer season began, such as this paper sculpture by Bob Nopper…
..and a collection of Japanese Pop-up greeting cards,….
…as well as some zany pop-up books, other items showed up next to the original displays at the summer wore on. That tall pink pop-up card on the right in the photo above was one of the samples I made for my cut and folded structures workshop.
It was such a delight to walk in the gallery and see what had showed up next. The whole summer felt like a group-sourced performance piece. It seems fitting, therefore, that the grand finale of the season should have a community centered theme, which it does in a big and unabashed way.
The Briton Is Coming!
What’s happening next is so wonderful that it defies comprehension…especially since it won’t exactly exist until tomorrow. At this very moment Ed Hutchins has his hands full hanging and displaying the amazing Paul Johnson’s work at the North Main Gallery, which will feature, guess what!
Paul Johnson created a body of work based on the buildings of Salem, NY! I can’t tell you much more than that, though, until after tomorrow. Then on September 23 at 6pm, between engagements in Philadelphia and Balitmore, Mr. Johnson will be coming to Salem for an Art Party and presentation, which will include some never before exhibited work. The next day, Wednesday, September 24, he will be teaching an all day workshop (there are two spots lefts at the time of this writing). Make note that even though the show opens tomorrow, the Art Party opening will be happening on September 23 at 6pm. Be there! (My apologizes to my readers in far off places like Australia and Qatar…)
August 25, 2014
I had been searching, unsuccessfully, for a recently acquired purchase, a zine about making soup. As I did not have the help of the big black arrow in the photo, that little slip of a white spine eluded me for days. Not a good thing. I like being able to find my books. If a book is going to show up in my bookshelf it needs something of a spine. I’m not inclined to making elaborate casings for pamphlets, but there is a way to create a lovely little spine, so I made one. I love this little detail of paper work.
I started with a piece of paper that was the same height as the book and about 3 inches (8 cm) wide.
- Fold the paper lengthwise, but not in half! Instead, make the fold so the edges are away from each other about 1/4 inch (1/2 cm).
- Fold the paper lengthwise again, to the other side, again so the edges are about 1/4 away from each other
- There, you have a spine, about 1/4 inch wide.
It didn’t make sense to me at first that if I made left 1/4 inch overlap on each side that the spine would end up to be 1/4 inch wide. It seemed to me that two 1/4 inch offsets would create a 1/2 inch spine. But, no, it creates a 1/4 spine.
I could actually stop writing this post right here, as it’s this bit about folding the spine piece that is at the heart of what I want to show. This folding method could be used on a much longer piece, large enough to be the cover for the whole book. The way that I am going to continue here is to extend my narrow strip by adding to. You’ll see what I’ve done next. but, really, the steps illustrated above are the details that I am mostly focused on offering here.
I didn’t take photo of attaching the cover of my folder to the spine piece that I just made….there is no real protocol for this. I just cut my cover to what will fit for my project and glue them to the blue paper. This is something I just figure out as I go along, and my hope is that anyone else who tries this will do the same. I used a piece of plastic acetate that I had around, because I wanted to see the book design through this semi- transparent material, but medium weight paper, or cover stock works just fine. Next step is to create a second spine the same way as the first then sew this to the pamphlet, which is eight pieces of folded paper stapled together. I didn’t remove the staples, as that’s what the book came with, and there was no compelling reason to take them out.
Before going any further I added the title to the spine. Always a good idea if the book within has a title. The pamphlet, with the second spine piece now attached is laid into the my open cover. I glued the edge of the inner spine, closed the cover, flipped it to the back…
I’ve been cleaning out my workspace, and rather than throw away every odd piece of paper I have been putting them together and making these offbeat little books. This here one is about to get a spine, but I am going to proceed a bit differently with this book.
I made the spine piece in the same way, but glued an extra piece of regular weight copy paper on the inside, to give the spine just a bit more substance. Next, I glued the front and the back of this spine piece right on to the first and last pages of the book. Note that there is no glue on the spine itself.
I took two pieces of decorative paper that were cut the same height of my book and a bit wider. I glued them directly on to the first and last pages, just overlapping the edge of the first piece I glued down, and folded then glued the overhanging part on the inside of the first and last pages. I used UHU glue sticks for this project.
And that’s it! This is not a technique for fine books, but I love having non-precious books around to toss into my bag and use whenever I want to write something down. This is book making at its most casual. Spines are a way of making these humble gathering of pages stand tall.
August 17, 2014
Do kids still cover their textbooks? When I was in grade school I took pride in making a good cover out of the bags from the grocery story. This post will cover the steps of making this cover, but the added bonus will be showing how to use these folds for handmade books. But, I want to begin with the textbook.
The first step is to prepare the bag my cutting off the bottom. In my day the bags came from the local Acme. Full disclosure: even though the bag pictured here is obviously from Trader Joe’s, I am going to tell you that the closest Trader Joe’s is too far away for me ever to shop in, so this bag came to me from a friend. The designs printed on the bag make a great cover. I figure out ways to hide the major advertisement.
Cut the bag being mindful of the how the design printed on the bag will show when the cover is done. Lay it out with the printed side down. The next will making a long fold across the bottom. If you need help with this beyond what I show below, take a look at my post on Synchronizing the Folded Line for a detailed explanation of how to do this successfully.
Fold up a few inches from the bottom edge: use your judgement to approximate the right amount, keeping in mind that you will also be folding this paper down from the top to match the height of your book. When you make your fold, be sure that the vertical folded lines of the grocery bag line up with each other.
You will be using the book to measure the placement of the top fold. Just lay the book somewhere along the folded edge that you just created…
…mark where the top of the book lays on the paper, then fold down the top edge of the paper so you end up with folded flaps top and bottom and your bag looks like this:
These folded flaps should make the height of this paper just a tad larger than the book that is to be covered. A little bit of wiggle room is need so that the cover of the book can slide into the folds.
Fold in the side edge. Just how much will depend on the width of the book. Here, I folded over 6 inches for my eight inch book. This fold creates a pocket.
Slide the book all the way into the pocket.
Close the book, which is now covered by the paper bag! You may notice the part that’s left looks way too long. We’ll need some of that length to create a back pocket-flap, but what’s left here is way too long. No problem…
….just cut off the excess, making sure that you leave enough to create the back pocket-flap. This looks like I still have too much excess. It’s better to err on the too much side than to the little side. You can go back later and trim more as needed. When this is done fold up the back cover to fit the book.
It’s really crucial to make the back flap a generously large pocket: as the book opens and closes it needs quite a bit of room to move around inside of this pocket. If the flap is too shallow the book will not stay in the cover.
And here it is, covered!
But what if you don’t have a textbook to cover? This is the bonus part.
I have discovered that there’s nothing like a plain grocery bag to break down barriers of inhibition. Get out a black marker and just start making marks. Fill that paper. I do recommend using a thick black marker. I tried crayons and other markers, but nothing showed up as well as black marker. This was fun to do .
I sewed a bunch of papers together (exactly 17) and then made a cover just like for the textbook. The only important additional step was to add a piece of cardboard into the front and back cover of the book (as shown above) so as to add weight and stiffness. The board I used was from the back of a pad of paper. Cereal boxes work well, though sometimes it’s good to use a double thickness. I cut the boards (with scissors) the size of the folded paper.
What’s great about these little books is that they don’t seem precious. I will be meeting up with some friends this week, and plan to gift these to the adults. The thing is, I don’t want the books to feel too precious to use, but I do want them to do be special. Making the book covers out of bags seems to fit all of my criteria.
August 13, 2014
This is a reference, nuts-and-bolts kind of post about how to create an even fold across the length of a piece of paper. This is a detail of paper-folding and bookmaking that is so valuable that it deserves to be looked at all by itself. I’m not going to explain how to make the accordion folds for the book above, but between this post and my accordion book tutorial page, you can put the info together and make something like what I’ve pictured. Now, on to folding up edges!
The paper in the above photo is 24 inches (61 cm) long and it was 10 inches (26 cm) high before I folded up a 3 inches (8 cm) flap to create a pocketed book. There is a specific, absolutely-essential-to-know, bordering-on-magic, completely-impressive, impossible-for-bookmakers-and-paperfolders-to-live-without-knowing technique that makes this seemingly impossible fold possible and easy to accomplish.
Here’s what to do to make sure that you fold the paper evenly across the length of the page.
- Start in the middle of the paper
- Focus on the folded line
- Curl the paper up making sure the folded lines are lined up with each other exactly
- Make sure that the folded lines are lined up with each other exactly (yes, I know I just said that, but it’s worth saying again)
- Holding the paper so that the folded lines exactly line up, slowly slide your fingers across the curl of the paper to create a crease
- As you approach the next set of folded lines, make sure that these lines are lined up with each other exactly.
- Holding the paper so that the folded lines are lined up exactly, slide your fingers across the curl of the paper to create a crease.
- As you approach the next set of folded lines (which, in the case of the photo above, is the last set of folded lines) make sure that these lines are lined up with each other exactly.
- Finish off the fold, then return to the center of the paper and repeat going in the opposite direction.
And there you have it, again, a perfectly even fold across the length of the paper!