# Simple Folds that are Hard

Folding a square diagonally is not in most people’s skill set.

There are so many applications of diagonals, not just in paper folding but also in math, that it’s a worthwhile concept to chase down and cozy up to, but it needs to be done carefully.

Having this extra time home these days, I find myself wanting to write about these big/small details that teaching has taught me, that feel important to share.

If I ask a student to fold a piece of paper in half, they fold the paper in half. Generally I ask students to refine their intentionality with the paper so that their paper is folded evenly. The older they are the more they love this lesson. The whole experience of folding paper is half is a pretty happy place. Until it isn’t.

What shape is the paper in when you fold a square in half? Think about it before you raise your hand, and don’t change your answer because of what someone else says, and I’m going to call on everybody who has their hand up.

I see every hand go up. Rapid fire around the room, rectangle, rectangle, rectangle. Then someone say triangle. Just one person. That person is so brave. I ask that student and another student to come to the front and prove their response to me and to the class. They are both correct. We celebrate.

The fact that making a diagonal fold fries brain circuits was driven home to me one day when I asked a class of third graders to make three folds with a square piece of paper. I didn’t anticipate any problem as I already had already done quite a few folds with this group.

The lesson for this day was to do one diagonal fold, unfold it, flip it over, fold vertically, open it, and then fold horizontally.

I could not have been clearer in my instructions. I had drawn out the directions, which were projected on to the classroom smartboard. The papers I handed out were printed so that they could compare their progress easily with my sample.

I have rarely so quickly and completely experienced the chaos that followed. The students were totally confused; there were renegade folds on nearly every paper. Students struggled with paper orientation. They fearfully charged ahead in complete darkness. My perfect simple lesson was simply a disaster.

This was a class of 25 students. I would be facing four more classes who needed to learn this folding sequence.

The problem wasn’t the diagonal fold. The problem was the sequence of folding. Did I lose you for a moment when you read this:

“The lesson for this day was to do one diagonal fold, unfold it, fold vertically, open it, and then fold horizontally.”

Turns out that making the diagonal fold in the first step of this lesson disoriented the class in a way from which they could not recover. Immediately, students were felt unsafe, afraid of doing something wrong, and I could not gather them back to me.

The fix turned out to made perfect sense. I showed the diagonal fold last instead of first.

Students folded papers in half (the “regular” way), opened the paper, folded it in half in the other direction, opened it, flipped it over and made one diagonal fold. Before any confusion took hold of their brains, their folding was done.

I want to write more about the diagonal, how to make it safe, and why it’s important, but that’s another story.

Today’s story is simply about how something that is simple can go haywire.

## 3 thoughts on “Simple Folds that are Hard”

1. MesaLisa says:

Amazing! First, the power shift when you unwittingly blow the kids’ minds. And then, when you rearranged your lesson to gently lead them through the new, scary part before they even know they’re in new territory. That’s some great teaching there! I know *I* learned something about how to convey paper folding instructions without breaking anyone–Thanks!

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2. Genie Barry says:

Oh, boy! I discovered the very same thing with the same sequence of folds when making lotus books with second graders for a Mother’s Day project. It reminded me that, developmentally, after a circle, a vertical line is “perceived/understood” first, then horizontal, and then the diagonal.

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1. Except for when they never quite get to the diagonal. I didn’t know about this development sequence, but, oh, it makes sense! Thanks for this.

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